Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics

49, 4, pp. 971-986, Warsaw 2011

Analytical approach to estimate amplitude of stick-slip oscillations

Jamil Abdo, Ahmed A. Abouelsoud
The objective of the present work is to evaluate alternative approximate techniques to determine the amplitudes of the limit cycles that evolve from stick-slip vibrations based on a mass-on-moving-belt model. The control of self-excited systems is a very interesting problem because of friction-induced self sustained oscillations which result in a very robust limit cycle that characterizes stick-slip motion. This motion should be avoided because it creates unwanted noise, diminishes accuracy and increases wear. The stick-slip motion produced by a mass-spring-damper on a moving belt is analyzed using the Liapunov second method, which is based on constructing a positive definite function and checking the condition for which its time derivative is negative semi-definite. From this condition, an estimate of the amplitude of the velocity of the limit cycle of stick-slip motion is obtained. This estimate is found to be the zero of a certain function derived from the Coulomb friction model. An estimate of the amplitude of the displacement is also found. It is shown that the simulation results of the amplitude and the estimated amplitude are indistinguishable.
Keywords: stick-slip oscillations; limit cycles; Liapunov second method