Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics
44, 3, pp. 603-636, Warsaw 2006
Evaluation of fracture parameters for crack problems in fgm by a meshless method
A meshless method based on the local Petrov-Galerkin approach is proposed for crack analysis in two-dimensional (2D), anisotropic and linear elastic solids with continuously varying material properties. Both quasi-static thermal and transient elastodynamic problems are considered. For time-dependent problems, the Laplace transform technique is utilized. The analyzed domain is divided into small subdomains of circular shapes. A unit step function is used as the test function in the local weak form. It leads to Local Integral Equations (LIE) involving a domain-integral only in the case of transient dynamic problems. The Moving Least Squares (MLS) method is adopted for approximating the physical quantities in the LIE. Efficient numerical methods are presented to compute the fracture parameters, namely, the stress intensity factors and the $ T$-stress, for a crack in Functionally Graded Materials (FGM). The path-independent integral representations for stress intensity f actors and $ T$-stresses in continuously non-homogeneous FGM are presented.
Keywords: stress intensity factors; $ T$-stress; meshless methods; thermoelasticity; nonhomogenity; orthotropic materials