Journal of Theoretical
and Applied Mechanics

40, 2, pp. 339-355, Warsaw 2002

On the magnetization-based Lagrangian methods for 2D and 3D viscous flows. Part 1 – theoretical background

Andrzej Styczek, Jacek Szumbarski
The paper presents the background of an alternative formulation of the Navier-Stokes equation using a variable called the magnetization. Several variants of governing equations, based on different choices of a particular gauge transform, are discussed. The remaining part of the paper is devoted to the formulation of a Lagrangian approach to 2D and 3D viscous flows. First, the carrier of the magnetization (the magneton) is defined and the corresponding induction law is derived. The instantaneous velocity field is constructed as a superposition of contributions from a large set of magnetons and a uniform stream. An essential feature of the method is a one-time-step operator splitting, consisting in the consecutive solution of three sub-problems: generation of the magnetization on solid boundaries, advection-diffusion of the
magnetization and stretching.
Keywords: viscous flow; Navier-Stokes equations; magnetization; gauge transform